The monumental fountain in the Plaça Espanya
The monumental fountain that rises up in the centre of the Plaça Espanya is one of the iconic images of this part of Barcelona. You can enjoy great views of this impressive classical-style monument from any corner of the plaza. This sculptural ensemble marks the gateway to the avenue leading to the grounds of the 1929 International Exhibition.
When the Barcelona International Exhibition opened in spring 1929, the monumental fountain that had been designed to preside over the entrance to the exhibition grounds hadn't been completed. Building work had only begun in January that year. The fountain was designed by the architect Josep Maria Jujol, one of Gaudí's main associates, and is a monumental allegory that pays tribute to water. This theme predominates in the different noucentista-style sculptural elements that decorate the fountain.
Jujol was assisted by renowned artists to create the sculptures. Miquel Blay was commissioned to make the main sculptures that represent the three seas surrounding the Iberian Peninsula and the main rivers that run through it: the Ebro, the Tagus and the Guadalquivir. The Osté brothers designed the figures on the corners. They depict abundance, health and navigation. The cauldron surmounting the ensemble was designed by Frederic Llobet. The use of fine materials such as marble, wrought iron and bronze, and the imposing scale of the monument, which stands 33 metres high, create an ensemble of great impact. The flame that burns in the cauldron completes the majesty of this great work.
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